With one in 10[i] of the population estimated to have dyslexia, more than 6.3 million[ii] in the UK potentially have dyslexia.
1 in 5[iii] children leave primary school with below the national expected levels in all of reading, writing and mathematics levels (formerly below national Level 4)
1 in 10 children [iii] do not reach the expected national Level 4 in reading by the time they finish primary school (National Curriculum KS2)
1 in 6[v] adults still only have the reading skills of an 11-year-old
Pupils with special educational needs (SEN) (with and without statements) account for 7 in 10[vi] of all permanent exclusions.
Pupils with SEN without statements are around ten times[vii] more likely to receive a permanent exclusion than pupils with no SEN; compared to pupils with a statement of SEN who are around six times more likely to receive a permanent exclusion.
At secondary level, over a third of young people did not achieve the expected level of an A+ to C in English in 2014[viii].
There are approximately 955,000[ix] young people (aged from 16 to 24) in the UK (August, 2014) Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET).
Teaching children with Special educational Needs (SEN)
In relation to teaching those children who struggle with literacy: 60% of teachers surveyed[x] did not feel satisfied that their initial teacher training provided them with the skills they need to teach those who struggle to learn to read and write.
In relation to teaching children with dyslexia: 74%[xi] of teachers did not feel satisfied that their initial teacher training provided them with the skills they need to identify and teach children with dyslexia.
What parents think?
In an independent YouGov survey, commissioned by Dyslexia Action (2012[xii]), almost two-thirds of parents felt dyslexia was not recognised across the system.
92% of respondents said all schools should have access to a specialist in dyslexia.
9 out of 10 parents of dyslexic children said all teachers should have a basic level of training in dyslexia.
Cost of illiteracy
Research[xiii] by KPMG finds that each illiterate pupil, by the age of 37, has cost the taxpayer an additional £44,797 – £ 53,098 when you add up extra costs relating to the education system, unemployment support and the criminal justice system.
Getting the right help and support
Many people who are dyslexic have had good support and encouragement and have not been held back at school or work. If things are progressing well there is no need to seek help.
If there are concerns about progress, or frustrations about difficulties or mistakes that are made in every-day life, then do seek advice. With the right help and support, strategies to overcome difficulties associated with dyslexia can be learnt and dyslexia need not be a barrier to achievement.
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